To effectively solve a writing task it is essential to understand the problem that this task poses to the writer. This means that in front of any work slogan the writer needs to analyze the variables involved in that task in order to strategically direct the composition process in order to solve that problem in the most satisfactory way possible. In addition to knowing the distinctive features of the kind of text that is going to occur and the subject on which it will deal, properly understand a writing task involves knowing the characteristics of the reader to which going, defining the position from which we will take the word and be clear about the objective to achieve.

The first question to take into account in the evaluation of a writing task is the fact that every text, even the simplest, is the result of an act of communication. Despite what we might suppose, writing is not a solitary act or it is only in appearance. We always write for someone, for the reader or readers who will be the recipients of the text we are producing. Knowing the reader we are addressing, identifying their interests, needs, knowledge, values ​​and beliefs is essential to understand what is at stake in a writing task. For this reason, the writer needs to draw a profile of the reader that defines as precisely as possible the characteristics that he attributes to him in order to engage and sustain this virtual dialogue without misunderstandings that interfere with communication.

As important as designing a reader profile is to decide what features the text enunciator will have. Every participant in a communicative situation, both written and oral, acts in a manner appropriate to the area in which the communication is developed, to the objectives that it is proposed to achieve, to the relationship it establishes with the interlocutor or reader. The word is not taken in the same way in the public sphere as in the private one. The verbal style of the discourse, for example, will be different in each case: the language is usually more precise, formal and controlled in the public sphere while in the private one the colloquial predominates, a simpler vocabulary and a relative “carelessness” in the construction of the sentences. But the communication situation not only influences the style of the text, in “how things are said”, it also determines what can be or is convenient to say.

Every act of communication, on the other hand, always responds to a purpose. The writer needs to clearly state the objectives he intends to achieve in writing because a large number of decisions that will shape the writing depend on them: which discursive genre is the most appropriate to achieve the objective, what resources need to be mobilized to effectively influence the auditorium, what materials to retain and which ones to discard, how to present oneself to the readers, which style is the most convenient.

The factors that intervene in the writing situation configure a problem that the writer will have to solve through his writing. All of them are interdependent and determine the composition process in multiple ways. Therefore, an exhaustive consideration of each of them is the first step towards a satisfactory resolution of the task.